Archive for the tag: Ovary

Ovarian Cancer Risk-Reduction Surgery & Ovary Removal | Memorial Sloan Kettering

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MSK gynecologic cancer experts describe surgery to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes of women at high risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Learn more about ovarian cancer risk and why a woman would have her ovaries removed here:

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{partial transcript}
Let’s say we have a woman who has a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. The hot topic is: should she have her ovaries taken out? Talk to me about that.

For patients that have a known genetic mutation, their lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer is increased substantially. General population-based risk for a woman in this country is 1.7 percent – that is the chance that in her lifetime, at some point, she’ll develop ovarian cancer. For BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation carriers, that risk can be as high as 40 to 60 percent lifetime risk. That’s huge.

So really, it goes to understanding your family history. If there are triggers, then meet with a genetic counselor to get the genetic testing because that can be so important for family members who are not infected with the disease in terms of what they can do to help protect themselves.

We’ve already talked about how there’s not a very effective screening tool – the best that we have is CA 125 and the pelvic ultrasound. We do recommend that until the completion of childbearing and at that point, we start to have a discussion about prophylactic or preventative removal of the ovaries because of their extraordinary high risk. That does confer about a 90 to 95 percent risk reduction – so it really goes go a long way to decrease one’s risk.
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Histopathology Ovary–Borderline ovarian tumor
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Ovary Model

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What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

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Dr. Metee Comkornruecha explains what Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in this edition of Children’s Health Chats.

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Germ Cell Tumors. of the Ovary

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Germ Cell Tumors. of the Ovary

Dr. Baljeet Kaur, MD, Consultant Cellular Pathologist, Regional Lead for Gestational Trophoblast pathology(GTD) and Malignant Ovarian Germ Cell (MOGCT) service, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK, discussing ” Germ Cell Tumors. of the Ovary””

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment | Dr. Thejaswini J

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) mostly occurs in young and middle aged women and can cause a wide range of problems in women including irregular cycles and infertility.

Check out this video by Dr. Thejaswini J, Consultant, Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, HSR Layout explaining the causes, symptoms and treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

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@2:48 It is not necessary to measure luteinizing hormone (LH); an elevated LH-to-FSH ratio is not a PCOS diagnostic criterion.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Instructional Tutorial Video
QBanks for AMC Exams, MCCEE, MCCQE & USMLE

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What is ovarian drilling?

Ovarian drilling is treatment that is given to patients with polycystic ovary syndrome in order to encourage spontaneous ovulation.
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Cancer Ovary- USG Guided Core Biopsy

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Dr Jay Mehta is the Medical Director of Shree IVF Clinic, a Luxury Facility for Advanced Assisted Reproduction and Pelvic Surgery in Mumbai.

Dr Jay Mehta is a highly trained surgeon and specialises in the management of Gynecological Cancer.

Dr.Berg Ovary Body Type

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Dr.Berg Ovary Body Type

Talk to a Dr. Berg Keto Consultant today and get the help you need on your journey. Call 1-540-299-1556 with your questions about Keto, Intermittent Fasting or the use of Dr. Berg products. Consultants are available Monday through Friday from 8 am to 10 pm EST. Saturday & Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm EST. USA Only.

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Dr. Eric Berg received his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in 1988. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” in relation to himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Berg is a licensed chiropractor in Virginia, California, and Louisiana, but he no longer practices chiropractic in any state and does not see patients. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Berg and you. You should not make any change in your health regimen or diet before first consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The Health & Wellness, Dr. Berg Nutritionals and Dr. Eric Berg, D.C. are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this video or site.
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) for USMLE

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) for USMLE

This video will cover Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) for USMLE. We will be going over pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms and management.

Underlying cause is unkown but there is a much higher LH production than FSH production. LH activates theca cells to produce testosterone and the granulosa cells are usually secreted by FSH and there will be low estrogen. In obese patients there is a lot of aromatase which converts testosterone into estrogen. This can lead to endometrial hyperplasia. There is also insulin resistance due to post-receptor problem, not necessarily associated with weight. Also there is association with metabolic syndrome which is Diabetes Mellitus obesit CVS HTN dysplidemia. There is also a decrease in SHBG so there is increase free testosterone.

Signs and symptoms are anvoluation, hyperadrogenism, polycystic ovaries on Transvaginal ultrasound greater than 12 cysts. Patients also have irregular menses, due to high estrogen and lack of progesterone. Leads to high levels of endometrial hyperplasia and the shear weight causes the bleeding. Acanthosis nigricans which is hyperpigmentation in fold of neck and fingers. Infertility or subfertility due to decrease amount of ovulation. Metabolic syndrome is Hypertension, CVS, Dyslipidemia, Obesity, and Diabetes Mellitus type 2. There will also be hirsutism, acne and alopecia.

Still this is a diagnosis of exclusion so must test the thyroid, prolactin levels, primary ovarian failure (high FSH, LH), Late onset CAH so look for 17OH progesterone, Adrogen tumors by looking at androgen index, DHEAS, Cortisol. Then TVUS if greater than 12 cyst in both ovaries. 2hr GTT, GMI, Lipid Profile and BP.

Treatment depends on outcome. Diet and exercise and metformin to address the effects of metabolic syndrome can help regain fertility. First step in management is give Oral Contraceptive to prevent endometrial hyperplasia and prevent cancer, regulates menses. Also estrogen blocks LH and diminishes the androgen to diminish hirsutism and acne. Antiandrogen helps hirsutism acne alopecia. If fertility is the issue than clomiphene and ovarian drilling.
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) | Overview of Associated Conditions, Diagnosis & Treatments

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) | Overview of Associated Conditions, Diagnosis & Treatments

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) | IN-DEPTH OVERVIEW of Causes, Risk Factors, Associated Conditions, Signs & Symptoms, Diagnostic Methods and Treatments

NOTE: This is a supplementary lesson to my other PCOS lesson – this lesson discusses associated conditions, diagnostic methods and treatments in MUCH more detail.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinological disorder in reproductive-aged women. In this lesson, we discuss a list of possible risk factors (& other associated factors), causes, associated conditions (including obesity, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, depression/anxiety and cardiovascular disease), signs & symptoms (including acne, hirsutism or excessive hair growth), diagnostic methods (Rotterdam criteria) and treatments.

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**MEDICAL DISCLAIMER**: JJ Medicine does not provide medical advice, and the information available on this channel does not offer a diagnosis or advice regarding treatment. Information presented in these lessons is for EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY, and information presented here is NOT TO BE USED as an alternative to a healthcare professional’s diagnosis and treatment of any person/animal.

Only a physician or other licensed healthcare professional are able to determine the requirement for medical assistance to be given to a patient. Please seek the advice of your physician or other licensed healthcare provider if you have any questions regarding a medical condition.


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